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Wifi changed the life of us

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Wi-Fi

public wifi that the name of a well-liked wireless networking technology that uses radio waves to produce wireless high-speed web and network connections. a standard thought is that the term Wi-Fi is brief for “wireless fidelity,” but this can be not the case. Wi-Fi is solely a proprietary phrase which means IEEE 802.11x.

How Wi-Fi Networks Works

Image result for wifi
Wi-Fi networks haven’t any physical wired affiliation between sender and receiver by mistreatment frequence (RF) technology — a frequency among the spectrum related to radio emission propagation. once Associate in Nursing RF current is provided to Associate in Nursing antenna, Associate in Nursing magnetic force field is made that then is ready to propagate through area.

the Wi-Fi Alliance

The Wi-Fi Alliance, the organization that owns the Wi-Fi registered trademark term specifically defines Wi-Fi as any “wireless native space network (WLAN) merchandise that ar supported the Institute of Electrical and physical science Engineers’ (IEEE) 802.11 standards.”

Initially, Wi-Fi was utilized in place of solely the two.4GHz 802.11b commonplace, but the Wi-Fi Alliance has expanded the generic use of the Wi-Fi term to incorporate any sort of network or WLAN product supported any of the 802.11 standards, as well as 802.11b, 802.11a, dual-band so on, in an effort to prevent confusion regarding wireless local area network ability.

Wi-Fi Support in Applications and Devices

Wi-Fi  supported by several applications and devices as well computer game consoles, home networks, PDAs, mobile phones, major operative systems, alternative kinds client physical science. Any merchandise that  tested and approved as “Wi-Fi Certified” ( registered trademark) by the Wi-Fi Alliance are certified as practical with one another, albeit they’re from completely different makers. for instance, a user with a Wi-Fi Certified product will use any whole of access purpose with the other whole of consumer hardware that is {also} also “Wi-Fi Certified”.

Products that pass this certification ar needed to hold Associate in Nursing distinctive seal on their packaging that states “Wi-Fi Certified” and indicates the frequence band used (2.5GHz for 802.11b, 802.11g, or 802.11n, and 5GHz for 802.11a).
But the vigorous effort of the researchers are quite promising.

And within the robust market of competition, it’s obvious that as longer passes, this trend of constructing moveable devices for Wi-Fi are going to be trendy. and therefore the users worldwide would be greatly benefited by this.
We ar ever hungry for contemporary technology and our love for it’s hardly surfeited. The a lot of technology and devices ar fictitious.

When Wi-Fi was fictitious, fourteen firms united to pay The Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial analysis Organization (CSIRO) the number of $250 million for infringements of patent. At that point, they sure as shooting had not anticipated Wi-Fi to become most a locality of our lifestyle in such a brief time.

change in lifeImage result for wifi life

Now, even once somebody is cruising or checking in a very building, the primary issue they give the impression of being for is free Wi-Fi access. however Wi-Fi is dynamic the tending sector is already a renowned reality. In fact, Wi-Fi making revolution  building  town.  wise town should  Wi-Fi enabled for higher living of  voters.

Now consultants ar predicting however Wi-Fi can outline the next-generation communication and skill with technology. little question that if Wi-Fi will become such relevant in our living, then it’ll cross all boundaries of our anticipation.

According to the report of Business Insider:

The global web traffic that comes through Wi-Fi is five hundredth
The contribution of cellular network during this traffic is three-d
From the on top of reality it’s evident that Wi-Fi is shaping up fashionable communication. And cellular network has to be a lot of updated to take care of this property.

 

Relief from repeatedly getting into user id and arcanum

In a Wi-Fi zone, it’s extremely tough to enter user ID and arcanum time and once more. In fact, it becomes a touch irritating sometimes furthermore to repeat an equivalent action quite few times.

however because of the research worker for Next Generation Wi-Fi Hotspot(NGH) that’s planning to offer relief from such inconvenience. Once a user enters the Wi-Fi zone,

it’ll alter him to access the network. however

he are going to be free from getting into the id and arcanum. This technology can direct him on to the network.

Image result for wifi life
This technology makes it easier to modify the network furthermore.

And it makes the user happy as

a result of he doesn’t got to sign up on every occasion.

Cities try to create reliable Wi-Fi network

Cities try to produce a lot of fashionable set ups. giving

free public Wi-Fi may be a a part of this set up.

however the most important drawback with public Wi-Fi is that it’s not reliable in any respect. There  invariably high possibilities of network being hacked which results in larger threats like fraud. Any interloper will get access into personal files ,manipulate them.

A few cities, like state capital, metropolis have already tried with

success to create a reliable Wi-Fi at urban and downtown areas. Such developments ar extraordinarily helpful, not solely to the residents, however to the tourists furthermore. In fact, it’s quick changing into one in every of the highlights for attracting the tourists.

Community Wi-FiImage result for wifi

Planning is on to attach every house with Wi-Fi. it’ll happen provided that the users conform

to disclose their spare unused proportion of Wi-Fi.

this can additionally scale back the costs of mobile knowledge furthermore.

Community Wi-Fi are going to be a revolution within the world of communication. however to form it a reality,

the suppliers ought to beware of the standard furthermore. Constant and unfailing network is that the solely hope that may create it doable. At an equivalent time, public Wi-Fi additionally has to become safer.

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TOP 5 BREAKTHROUGH TECHNOLOGIES OF 2018

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dueling rival neural networks
the top 5 breakthrough technologies in 2018

Here is look at top 5 breakthrough technologies from 2018 that will create revolution. 3-d metal printing, artificial embryos, dueling neural networks, babel-fish earbuds and much more…

1. 3-D Metal Printing

3d metal printing applications in the automotive industry

Metal 3-D Printing holds a unique position in modern-day product development. The technology can create lighter, stronger parts, and complex shapes that aren’t possible with conventional metal fabrication methods. It facilitates tooling for conventional manufacturing technologies, reducing costs and lead times. It can also provide more precise control of the microstructure of metals. In 2017, researchers from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory announced they had developed a 3-D-printing method for creating stainless-steel parts twice as strong as traditionally made ones. 

Also in 2017, 3-D-printing company Markforged, a small startup based outside Boston, released the first 3-D metal printer for under $100,000.

Another Boston-area startup, Desktop Metal, began to ship its first metal prototyping machines in December 2017. It plans to begin selling larger machines, designed for manufacturing, that are 100 times faster than older metal printing methods.

The printing of metal parts is also getting easier. Desktop Metal now offers software that generates designs ready for 3-D printing. Users tell the program the specs of the object they want to print, and the software produces a computer model suitable for printing.   

2. Artificial Embryos

artificial embryos digital recreation

In a breakthrough that redefines how life can be created, embryologists working at the University of Cambridge in the UK have grown realistic-looking mouse embryos using only stem cells. No egg. No sperm. Just cells plucked from another embryo.

Synthetic human embryos would be a boon to scientists, letting them tease apart events early in development. And since such embryos start with easily manipulated stem cells, labs will be able to employ a full range of tools, such as gene editing, to investigate them as they grow.

Artificial embryos, however, pose ethical questions. What if they turn out to be indistinguishable from real embryos? How long can they be grown in the lab before they feel pain? We need to address those questions before the science races ahead much further, bioethicists say.

3. AI for Everybody

AI for everybody

Artificial intelligence has so far been mainly the plaything of big tech companies like Amazon, Baidu, Google, and Microsoft, as well as some startups. For many other companies and parts of the economy, AI systems are too expensive and too difficult to implement fully.

What’s the solution? Machine-learning tools based in the cloud are bringing AI to a far broader audience. These products will be essential if the AI revolution is going to spread more broadly through different parts of the economy.

Currently AI is used mostly in the tech industry, where it has created efficiencies and produced new products and services. But many other businesses and industries have struggled to take advantage of the advances in artificial intelligence. Sectors such as medicine, manufacturing, and energy could also be transformed if they were able to implement the technology more fully, with a huge boost to economic productivity.

4. Dueling Neural Networks

dueling neural network recreation

Artificial intelligence is getting very good at identifying things: show it a million pictures, and it can tell you with uncanny accuracy which ones depict a pedestrian crossing a street. But AI is hopeless at generating images of pedestrians by itself. If it could do that, it would be able to create gobs of realistic but synthetic pictures depicting pedestrians in various settings, which a self-driving car could use to train itself without ever going out on the road.

The problem is, creating something entirely new requires imaginationand until now that has perplexed AIs.

The solution first occurred to Ian Goodfellow, then a PhD student at the University of Montreal, during an academic argument in a bar in 2014. The approach, known as a generative adversarial network, or GAN, takes two neural networksthe simplified mathematical models of the human brain that underpin most modern machine learningand pits them against each other in a digital cat-and-mouse game.

Both networks are trained on the same data set. One, known as the generator, is tasked with creating variations on images it’s already seenperhaps a picture of a pedestrian with an extra arm. The second, known as the discriminator, is asked to identify whether the example it sees is like the images it has been trained on or a fake produced by the generatorbasically, is that three-armed person likely to be real?

Over time, the generator can become so good at producing images that the discriminator can’t spot fakes. Essentially, the generator has been taught to recognize, and then create, realistic-looking images of pedestrians.

The technology has become one of the most promising advances in AI in the past decade, able to help machines produce results that fool even humans.

 

5. Babel-Fish Earbuds

pixel earbuds for automatic language transalation

In the cult sci-fi classic The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, you slide a yellow Babel fish into your ear to get translations in an instant. In the real world, Google has come up with an interim solution: a $159 pair of earbuds, called Pixel Buds. These work with its Pixel smartphones and Google Translate app to produce practically real-time translation.

Google Translate already has a conversation feature, and its iOS and Android apps let two users speak as it automatically figures out what languages they’re using and then translates them. But background noise can make it hard for the app to understand what people are saying, and also to figure out when one person has stopped speaking and it’s time to start translating.

Pixel Buds get around these problems because the wearer taps and holds a finger on the right earbud while talking. Splitting the interaction between the phone and the earbuds gives each person control of a microphone and helps the speakers maintain eye contact, since they’re not trying to pass a phone back and forth.

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Qualcomm unveils Snapdragon 675 with new Kryo 460 CPU

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Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. is continuing to bring together global manufacturers and operators, along with software and hardware technology vendors, to strategize and discuss industry trends and technology developments with their Snapdragon chipsets. Mark your calendars for this 3-day event highlighting 5G, connectivity, AI, IoT and so much more. This year’s summit promises to be one of the best ever, featuring wireless leader keynotes, breakout sessions, multiple exhibits and networking events, all showcasing the latest technology, and much more. Qualcomm made a lot of advancements in the last few months. And the tech giant made steady announcements at their 4G/5G Summit at Hong Kong.

Qualcomm 4G/5G Summit at Hong Kong

In the Keynote, Qualcomm’s President Mr. Cristiano Amon talks about how 5G is nearing deployment, with global trials underway and deployments planned in the coming months. He continues about how the next generation of wireless will allow virtually every industry to deliver advanced connectivity and increased intelligence across the rapidly evolving wireless edge. It is essential that the broader ecosystem pursues the wireless and computing technologies that will provide the foundation for the coming transformation. To just have an overview read to it, focus on the key points as per Qualcomm:

  • Qualcomm optimized the Snapdragon 675 for mainstream use.

  • The first smartphones using the Snapdragon 675 will ship in Q1 2019.

  • The Snapdragon 675 is Qualcomm’s third mid-range processor announced within the past six months.

Overview

Qualcomm makes one of the finest processors in the industry and as it turns out they also focus on the mid-range consumers. It comes out on the top with the 710 followed by the 670 in the mid-range category. Now that it is history, Qualcomm announced a new processor in the 600 range. The Snapdragon 675 is a really interesting processor but not for all the reasons you are thinking. In terms of where it fits in the overall Qualcomm’s mid-range processor, is somewhat between the 670 and the 710. And for a little humor, the Snapdragon 675 has got a slightly worse Adreno 612 GPU in it compared to the 615. The Snapdragon 675 has got the same modem as the 670, the exact DSPs and the image processors, but with a bit of enhancement.

Qualcomm 675 chipset launched

So, why is the Snapdragon 675 so interesting? Well, it is using the 4th Generation Kryo 460 CPU Design. And as per our research and Qualcomm’s announcement, no other processor in its lineup uses the 4th Gen CPU. Well, the Kryo core 1st Gen design is found in-house in the Snapdragon 820 and 821. Then the 2nd Gen Kryo which was built with the Cortex technology is found in the Snapdragon 835 and finally, the 3rd Gen is found in Snapdragon 845.

Snapdragon 675 + 4th Gen Kryo Core

Snapdragon 675 is basically a Cortex A76 coupled together with a Cortex A55. This new Architecture built on ARM Cortex offers a 20% overall performance improvement, optimized across 2 performance and 6 efficiency cores. So Qualcomm is using the 4th Gen with this 6+2 configuration. So it still is an Octa-core chipset but with 2 cores dedicated for higher stability and results and 6 for better power efficiency. So, more interestingly,  what this tells us is that the next 800 series will be using the 4th Gen Kryo.

The 675 is not only filled with upgrades. For example, the 675 is constructed with an 11nm process whereas the Snapdragon 670 had a 10nm process. The GPU has been downgraded from an Adreno 615 to an Adreno 612, too. With that said, Qualcomm assured us that the Snapdragon 675 performs considerably better than the Snapdragon 670. With built-in game enhancements, for example, reduce “janks” or stutters by over 90 percent during gameplay.

The Comparison of Snapdragon(s)

So let’s look at the rest of the Snapdragon 675 and detail out how it differentiates from the 670 and the 710 chipsets. So as you can see all the 3 processors use the 6+2 setup. The performance core gets a boost with the A76 instead of the A75. When it comes to GPU the 675 lags behind and as it turns out the 710 has got the best GPU. But as per Qualcomm, they have been tweaking it for a better gaming performance. The differences which can only be pointed out when we will receive a device. It supports the LPDDR4X where the X stands for even more power efficient than the standard LPDDR4.

Now that they all showcase the same DSPs across is a good thing. With the 250L, it gets the 480fps HD Slo-Mo that will pump-up any camera. The modem is exactly the same as the rest. It’s like Qualcomm didn’t even bother making an upgrade to it. Focusing on the important part, the 675 uses Samsung’s fabrication process. So, this will be built by the looks of it exclusively on Samsung’s fabrication plans.

Snapdragon 675 Snapdragon 670 Snapdragon 710
CPU 2x 2.0GHz Kryo 460 (Cortex-A76)
6x 1.7GHz Kryo 460 (Cortex-A55)
2x 2.0GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A75)
6x 1.7GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A55)
2x 2.2GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A75)
6x 1.7GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A55)
GPU Adreno 612 Adreno 615 Adreno 616
RAM LPDDR4X @ 1866MHz LPDDR4X @ 1866MHz LPDDR4X @ 1886MHz
DSP Hexagon 685 Hexagon 685 Hexagon 685
ISP Spectra 250L
25MP single or 16MP dual
48MP snapshots
480fps HD Slo-Mo
Spectra 250
25MP single or 16MP dual
Spectra 250
32MP single or 20MP dual
Modem X12 LTE
600Mbps down
150Mbps up
X12 LTE
600Mbps down
150Mbps up
X15 LTE
800Mbps down
150Mbps up
Quick Charge 4+ 4+ 4+
Bluetooth 5.0 5.0 5.0
Process 11nm LPP FinFET 10nm LPP FinFET 10nm LPP FinFET

 

Qualcomm’s Worse is actually Better

So coming back to the GPU here, the 675 boasts an Adreno 612 instead of a 615 or a 616 on its brothers. Qualcomm is actually saying that they have heavily optimized the gaming performance. This does mean that the overall performance will be better as compared to the rest. Qualcomm also suggests that on a list of particular games that they tried, this performs much better. They get 90% less ‘JANKS’, whatever that means.

gaming on snapdragon 675 chipset, qualcomm

It might get a better user experience while gaming. Qualcomm is known to make certain tweaks for a better gaming performance and experience. The list of games does suggest that it focuses on a great diversity of games. This is actually good stuff from Qualcomm. Qualcomm also states that it works closely with both mobile game and game engine developers to improve the gaming UX on Android, though this isn’t unexpected given how they’ve collaborated with game studios such as NetMarble for Snapdragon flagship chip releases in recent years.

Gaming enhancement on snapdragon 675

Although that the 600 range continues to be very strong with support for 6 cameras, 3 on the front and 3 on the back. So everything from super-res zoom to telephoto capture to specialized Bokeh mode is now available on the 675. So there’s a bunch of things that Qualcomm has put into their processors that make them very useful. They did a great deal of work for the mid-range smartphones. Expecting really strong developments from the manufacturers now. That’s it for now.

For the latest tech news and reviews, follow ZO3.tech on TwitterFacebook or Instagram. Till next time, Peace Out.

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[Top]10 Best Android Pie Based Custom ROMs(2018)

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10 best pie based custom roms 2018

Android 9 “Pie” is the ninth major update and the 16th version of the Android operating system.

Some of the changes and new features other than Android Oreo can be listed as below:

  • Changes in Accessibility Menu, Select to Speak – OCR in Camera View, and Sound amplifier
  • New features in Battery & Brightness like Battery Saver, Adaptive Battery, Adaptive Brightness, and Background Restrictions
  • Multi-camera Support and External Camera Support
  • Features like Do Not Support, App Dashboard, Wind Down, and App Timers in Digital Wellbeing app
  • Display cutouts and Edge-to-edge screens
  • Media features like Multiple Bluetooth connections, Sound delay reporting, Volume memory per Bluetooth device, HDR, HD Audio, and HEIF
  • Notification enhancements for messaging
  • Security & Privacy features like Android Backups, Android biometric prompt, Android Protected Confirmation, and StrongBox
  • System Usabilities like At-a-Glance on Always-on-Display, Redesigned Quick Settings, Reworked Volume Controls, New system navigation, and Overview Selection

But sadly Android Pie is only available for Google devices and flagship devices from other brands.

So many developers work in porting and creation of new ROMs(OSs). Top 10 Best Android Pie Based Custom ROMs can be listed as below:

1. Lineage OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

LineageOS Android Distribution is a free and open-source operating system for smartphones and tablet computers, based on the Android mobile platform. It is the successor to the highly popular custom ROM CyanogenMod, from which it was forked in December 2016 when Cyanogen Inc.announced it was discontinuing development and shut down the infrastructure behind the project. Since Cyanogen Inc. retained the rights to the Cyanogen name, the project rebranded its fork as LineageOS.

Check Supported Devices Here

2. AOSP Extended

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

AOSP Extended is an AOSP based ROM which provides stock UI/UX with various customisations features along with the Substratum theme engine. The project has been made by cherry-picking various commits from various other projects. Being based on AOSP it provides a smooth and lag-free experience out of the box.

Check Supported Devices Here

3. Pixel Experience

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

Pixel Experience is an AOSP based ROM, with Google apps included and all Pixel goodies (launcher, wallpapers, icons, fonts, bootanimation). Our mission is to offer the maximum possible stability and security, along with essential features for the proper functioning of the device.

Check Supported Devices Here

4. Arrow OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

ArrowOS is an AOSP based project started with the aim of keeping things simple, clean and neat. We added just the right and mostly used stuff that will be actually USEFUL at the end of the day, aiming to deliver smooth performance with better battery life.

Check Supported Devices Here

5. Dirty Unicorn

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

Dirty Unicorns is currently a AOSP based project. Started in 2012 by Alex Cruz aka Mazda out of curiosity, he never imagined to see the success this project has today.

In the early days this project was a one man show. It was based off AOKP and really had no intention of being anything else. Times change and today we have a full roster of talented developers with huge support from themers, developers and many folks around the community as well as a few OEMs.

DU developers are constantly setting the standard for excellence. We have many original features and stability is our main focus.

Check Supported Devices Here

6. Cypher OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

This is Cypher. An extension to pure Android. Cypher tries maintain the purity of Android while offering useful features for users. The goal is to give the highest level of performance whilst achieving Simplicity. This ROM is highly customizable with the most requested features. We keep our ROM clean and as close to AOSP as possible with features added. We keep your phone secure by using the latest and most up to date sources from Google.

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7. Nitrogen OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

This is AOSP based ROM with almost stock look and design. Most of the developer are providing weekly updates to improve the user experience.

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8. Carbon OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

CarbonROM is an aftermarket firmware based on the Android Open Source Project created with the purpose of adding versatility and customization to stock Android. Stability is our highest priority; our vision is to be the best alternative to a stock operating system for your device.

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9. crDroid OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

crDroid is designed to increase performance and reliability over stock Android for your device also attempting to bringing many of the best features existent today. We’re mainly based on CyanogenMod so use custom kernels compatible with them!

In this ROM, your device will be rooted(by Magisk) by default which will basically a good option for those users who are fond of rooted apps.

Check Supported Devices Here

10. Liquid Remix

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

Liquid Remix is a custom rom reborn from the old liquid smooth based on android’s open source project. This is one of the old ROM with great support from developers and official device maintainers. You will get almost stock experience with lot of customisation option.

Check Supported Devices Here

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