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Internet Of Things – An Insight !!

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IoT

Broadband Internet is becoming more widely available. The cost of connecting is decreasing, more devices are being created with Wi-Fi capabilities and sensors built into them.  All of these things are creating a “perfect storm” for the IoT.  our country faces variety of challenges. Internet of things can play a crucial role in over-coming these challenges.

WHAT IS INTERNET OF THINGS?

internet-world

 

The internet of things (IoT) is the network of physical devices like mobiles, vehicles, buildings and other items—embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data on the internet. It has the ability to transfer data over a network .

The information shared by these devices can useful in recognizing the problem more efficiently and designing solutions for those problems more briskly. It is basically a network of THINGS.

Simply put, this is the concept of basically connecting any device with an on and off switch to the Internet (and/or to each other). This includes everything from cellphones, coffee makers, washing machines, headphones, lamps, wearable devices and almost anything else you can think of. This also applies to components of machines, for example a jet engine of an airplane . As I mentioned, if it has an on and off switch then chances are it can be a part of the IoT.  The analyst firm Gartner says that by 2020 there will be over 26 billion connected devices… That’s a lot of connections.

HOW DOES IT ACTUALLY MAKE THINGS EASIER FOR ME?

One of the better-known examples is the Smart thermostat. This Wi-Fi-connected thermostat allows you to remotely adjust the temperature  via your mobile device. It also learns your behavioral patterns to create a temperature-setting schedule.

The potential value is that you can save money on your utility bill by being able to remotely turn off your air conditioner, which you forgot to do before leaving the house. There’s also a convenience factor. Smart thermostat can remember that you like to turn down the temperature before going to bed, and can automatically do that for you at a set time.

INTERNET OF THINGS – SOLUTIONS FOR INDIA:

Infrastructure Maintenance:

Imagine a mobile app where the City’s chief Engineer gets notifications on his mobile regarding Man holes on a certain road or a weakening bridge structure that needs attention. The sensors on street lamps around the city collect this information of their streets. They send this data back to Municipal Engineering data center. This makes Monitoring and controlling operations of urban and rural infrastructures like bridges, railway tracks, on- and offshore- wind-farms very effective for the city engineers across the city.

Transportation: 

Imagine a city where the Traffic lights are smartly functioning. They diverte the traffic away from a road where accident has occurred. The sensors capture the information of accident on a given road.  Ambulance emergencies can be diverted based on the information of traffic.

Need of the hour is intelligent transportation systems that consolidate traffic data from various sources such as traffic cameras, commuters’ mobile phones, vehicles’ GPS, sensors on the roads. Analysis of this traffic information can provide near-real-time insights about traffic performance, conditions and incidents using correlation with historical data. By monitoring traffic operations and incidents through a centralized system, we can create a Geo-spatial map that graphically displays road network, traffic volume, speed and density at different city locations. This also helps in effective response in emergency situations like accident.

Agricultural:

In a country where farmers committing suicide on account of low crop yield or unpredictable market conditions is quite regular. Tt is time to take IoT to the farm. For crops, smart farming means preparing the soil, planting, nurturing and harvesting at precisely the best time via access to market data.

Advisory services can be provide to the farmers using IoT.  This can be used to optimize efficiency, maximize productivity and ensure quality of produce. Crop specific information and alerts regarding current/future weather conditions, soil type, fertilizer, pest control, etc. from industry experts should be made accessible via mobile device of the farmer.

THE MAJOR CHALLENGES FACED BY INTERNET OF THINGS:

Security:

A kiddie with a free hacker tool can hack even robust technology simply. He could hack into the network which connects out home. Just imagine what all he can do. He could control the camera’s, the AC’s, you mobile and access every single data stored in the. He could see if you are present in the house. Or  can access your credit card details stored in your phone and make false transactions. This should send a chill down your spine.

Privacy – And No, That’s not the same as Security:

Even if you can somehow secure that camera’s and mobile’s  and keep the Hacker down the street from spying on your Private things, there’s still the problem that a lot of these IoT devices are supposed to spy on you. Why do you think there are so many buckets of cash pouring into the IoT hope-to-be-a-market? Because the Big Corporations don’t expect to make a big profit on the devices themselves, oh no. News flash: the Big Money in IoT is in Big Data.

The value of Big Data, after all, aren’t the data themselves.  The value in Big Data, you see, are in the patterns. What shows you watch? What apps you use. Which ads influence your buying behavior? The more IoT you have, the more Data they collect. The more Data they collect, the more they know about how you behave. And once they know how you behave, they know how to control how you behave.

So what now?

Hence the answer to many of these problems (or at least, a hint at how we might come up with an answer) is to put the consumer in control of the IoT. Let the consumer control the security of each device. He determine what data the devices upload to the Big Companies. He’ll set the priorities for the standards efforts.

You really think that will happen?

In your dreams!  Remember, the Big Money is in using the IoT to control (or at least, influence) consumer behavior – and if we as consumers could simply turn off those features that let the Big Companies make money  of us, then they’d have no reason to build out the IoT in the first place.

The IoT is a tool, just as all technology are tools.

In the end, you’ll find that the Internet of Things is the Internet of People – an extraordinarily powerful communication and commerce tool which can really make our lives easier.

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TOP 5 BREAKTHROUGH TECHNOLOGIES OF 2018

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dueling rival neural networks
the top 5 breakthrough technologies in 2018

Here is look at top 5 breakthrough technologies from 2018 that will create revolution. 3-d metal printing, artificial embryos, dueling neural networks, babel-fish earbuds and much more…

1. 3-D Metal Printing

3d metal printing applications in the automotive industry

Metal 3-D Printing holds a unique position in modern-day product development. The technology can create lighter, stronger parts, and complex shapes that aren’t possible with conventional metal fabrication methods. It facilitates tooling for conventional manufacturing technologies, reducing costs and lead times. It can also provide more precise control of the microstructure of metals. In 2017, researchers from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory announced they had developed a 3-D-printing method for creating stainless-steel parts twice as strong as traditionally made ones. 

Also in 2017, 3-D-printing company Markforged, a small startup based outside Boston, released the first 3-D metal printer for under $100,000.

Another Boston-area startup, Desktop Metal, began to ship its first metal prototyping machines in December 2017. It plans to begin selling larger machines, designed for manufacturing, that are 100 times faster than older metal printing methods.

The printing of metal parts is also getting easier. Desktop Metal now offers software that generates designs ready for 3-D printing. Users tell the program the specs of the object they want to print, and the software produces a computer model suitable for printing.   

2. Artificial Embryos

artificial embryos digital recreation

In a breakthrough that redefines how life can be created, embryologists working at the University of Cambridge in the UK have grown realistic-looking mouse embryos using only stem cells. No egg. No sperm. Just cells plucked from another embryo.

Synthetic human embryos would be a boon to scientists, letting them tease apart events early in development. And since such embryos start with easily manipulated stem cells, labs will be able to employ a full range of tools, such as gene editing, to investigate them as they grow.

Artificial embryos, however, pose ethical questions. What if they turn out to be indistinguishable from real embryos? How long can they be grown in the lab before they feel pain? We need to address those questions before the science races ahead much further, bioethicists say.

3. AI for Everybody

AI for everybody

Artificial intelligence has so far been mainly the plaything of big tech companies like Amazon, Baidu, Google, and Microsoft, as well as some startups. For many other companies and parts of the economy, AI systems are too expensive and too difficult to implement fully.

What’s the solution? Machine-learning tools based in the cloud are bringing AI to a far broader audience. These products will be essential if the AI revolution is going to spread more broadly through different parts of the economy.

Currently AI is used mostly in the tech industry, where it has created efficiencies and produced new products and services. But many other businesses and industries have struggled to take advantage of the advances in artificial intelligence. Sectors such as medicine, manufacturing, and energy could also be transformed if they were able to implement the technology more fully, with a huge boost to economic productivity.

4. Dueling Neural Networks

dueling neural network recreation

Artificial intelligence is getting very good at identifying things: show it a million pictures, and it can tell you with uncanny accuracy which ones depict a pedestrian crossing a street. But AI is hopeless at generating images of pedestrians by itself. If it could do that, it would be able to create gobs of realistic but synthetic pictures depicting pedestrians in various settings, which a self-driving car could use to train itself without ever going out on the road.

The problem is, creating something entirely new requires imaginationand until now that has perplexed AIs.

The solution first occurred to Ian Goodfellow, then a PhD student at the University of Montreal, during an academic argument in a bar in 2014. The approach, known as a generative adversarial network, or GAN, takes two neural networksthe simplified mathematical models of the human brain that underpin most modern machine learningand pits them against each other in a digital cat-and-mouse game.

Both networks are trained on the same data set. One, known as the generator, is tasked with creating variations on images it’s already seenperhaps a picture of a pedestrian with an extra arm. The second, known as the discriminator, is asked to identify whether the example it sees is like the images it has been trained on or a fake produced by the generatorbasically, is that three-armed person likely to be real?

Over time, the generator can become so good at producing images that the discriminator can’t spot fakes. Essentially, the generator has been taught to recognize, and then create, realistic-looking images of pedestrians.

The technology has become one of the most promising advances in AI in the past decade, able to help machines produce results that fool even humans.

 

5. Babel-Fish Earbuds

pixel earbuds for automatic language transalation

In the cult sci-fi classic The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, you slide a yellow Babel fish into your ear to get translations in an instant. In the real world, Google has come up with an interim solution: a $159 pair of earbuds, called Pixel Buds. These work with its Pixel smartphones and Google Translate app to produce practically real-time translation.

Google Translate already has a conversation feature, and its iOS and Android apps let two users speak as it automatically figures out what languages they’re using and then translates them. But background noise can make it hard for the app to understand what people are saying, and also to figure out when one person has stopped speaking and it’s time to start translating.

Pixel Buds get around these problems because the wearer taps and holds a finger on the right earbud while talking. Splitting the interaction between the phone and the earbuds gives each person control of a microphone and helps the speakers maintain eye contact, since they’re not trying to pass a phone back and forth.

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Qualcomm unveils Snapdragon 675 with new Kryo 460 CPU

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Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. is continuing to bring together global manufacturers and operators, along with software and hardware technology vendors, to strategize and discuss industry trends and technology developments with their Snapdragon chipsets. Mark your calendars for this 3-day event highlighting 5G, connectivity, AI, IoT and so much more. This year’s summit promises to be one of the best ever, featuring wireless leader keynotes, breakout sessions, multiple exhibits and networking events, all showcasing the latest technology, and much more. Qualcomm made a lot of advancements in the last few months. And the tech giant made steady announcements at their 4G/5G Summit at Hong Kong.

Qualcomm 4G/5G Summit at Hong Kong

In the Keynote, Qualcomm’s President Mr. Cristiano Amon talks about how 5G is nearing deployment, with global trials underway and deployments planned in the coming months. He continues about how the next generation of wireless will allow virtually every industry to deliver advanced connectivity and increased intelligence across the rapidly evolving wireless edge. It is essential that the broader ecosystem pursues the wireless and computing technologies that will provide the foundation for the coming transformation. To just have an overview read to it, focus on the key points as per Qualcomm:

  • Qualcomm optimized the Snapdragon 675 for mainstream use.

  • The first smartphones using the Snapdragon 675 will ship in Q1 2019.

  • The Snapdragon 675 is Qualcomm’s third mid-range processor announced within the past six months.

Overview

Qualcomm makes one of the finest processors in the industry and as it turns out they also focus on the mid-range consumers. It comes out on the top with the 710 followed by the 670 in the mid-range category. Now that it is history, Qualcomm announced a new processor in the 600 range. The Snapdragon 675 is a really interesting processor but not for all the reasons you are thinking. In terms of where it fits in the overall Qualcomm’s mid-range processor, is somewhat between the 670 and the 710. And for a little humor, the Snapdragon 675 has got a slightly worse Adreno 612 GPU in it compared to the 615. The Snapdragon 675 has got the same modem as the 670, the exact DSPs and the image processors, but with a bit of enhancement.

Qualcomm 675 chipset launched

So, why is the Snapdragon 675 so interesting? Well, it is using the 4th Generation Kryo 460 CPU Design. And as per our research and Qualcomm’s announcement, no other processor in its lineup uses the 4th Gen CPU. Well, the Kryo core 1st Gen design is found in-house in the Snapdragon 820 and 821. Then the 2nd Gen Kryo which was built with the Cortex technology is found in the Snapdragon 835 and finally, the 3rd Gen is found in Snapdragon 845.

Snapdragon 675 + 4th Gen Kryo Core

Snapdragon 675 is basically a Cortex A76 coupled together with a Cortex A55. This new Architecture built on ARM Cortex offers a 20% overall performance improvement, optimized across 2 performance and 6 efficiency cores. So Qualcomm is using the 4th Gen with this 6+2 configuration. So it still is an Octa-core chipset but with 2 cores dedicated for higher stability and results and 6 for better power efficiency. So, more interestingly,  what this tells us is that the next 800 series will be using the 4th Gen Kryo.

The 675 is not only filled with upgrades. For example, the 675 is constructed with an 11nm process whereas the Snapdragon 670 had a 10nm process. The GPU has been downgraded from an Adreno 615 to an Adreno 612, too. With that said, Qualcomm assured us that the Snapdragon 675 performs considerably better than the Snapdragon 670. With built-in game enhancements, for example, reduce “janks” or stutters by over 90 percent during gameplay.

The Comparison of Snapdragon(s)

So let’s look at the rest of the Snapdragon 675 and detail out how it differentiates from the 670 and the 710 chipsets. So as you can see all the 3 processors use the 6+2 setup. The performance core gets a boost with the A76 instead of the A75. When it comes to GPU the 675 lags behind and as it turns out the 710 has got the best GPU. But as per Qualcomm, they have been tweaking it for a better gaming performance. The differences which can only be pointed out when we will receive a device. It supports the LPDDR4X where the X stands for even more power efficient than the standard LPDDR4.

Now that they all showcase the same DSPs across is a good thing. With the 250L, it gets the 480fps HD Slo-Mo that will pump-up any camera. The modem is exactly the same as the rest. It’s like Qualcomm didn’t even bother making an upgrade to it. Focusing on the important part, the 675 uses Samsung’s fabrication process. So, this will be built by the looks of it exclusively on Samsung’s fabrication plans.

Snapdragon 675Snapdragon 670Snapdragon 710
CPU2x 2.0GHz Kryo 460 (Cortex-A76)
6x 1.7GHz Kryo 460 (Cortex-A55)
2x 2.0GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A75)
6x 1.7GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A55)
2x 2.2GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A75)
6x 1.7GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A55)
GPUAdreno 612Adreno 615Adreno 616
RAMLPDDR4X @ 1866MHzLPDDR4X @ 1866MHzLPDDR4X @ 1886MHz
DSPHexagon 685Hexagon 685Hexagon 685
ISPSpectra 250L
25MP single or 16MP dual
48MP snapshots
480fps HD Slo-Mo
Spectra 250
25MP single or 16MP dual
Spectra 250
32MP single or 20MP dual
ModemX12 LTE
600Mbps down
150Mbps up
X12 LTE
600Mbps down
150Mbps up
X15 LTE
800Mbps down
150Mbps up
Quick Charge4+4+4+
Bluetooth5.05.05.0
Process11nm LPP FinFET10nm LPP FinFET10nm LPP FinFET

 

Qualcomm’s Worse is actually Better

So coming back to the GPU here, the 675 boasts an Adreno 612 instead of a 615 or a 616 on its brothers. Qualcomm is actually saying that they have heavily optimized the gaming performance. This does mean that the overall performance will be better as compared to the rest. Qualcomm also suggests that on a list of particular games that they tried, this performs much better. They get 90% less ‘JANKS’, whatever that means.

gaming on snapdragon 675 chipset, qualcomm

It might get a better user experience while gaming. Qualcomm is known to make certain tweaks for a better gaming performance and experience. The list of games does suggest that it focuses on a great diversity of games. This is actually good stuff from Qualcomm. Qualcomm also states that it works closely with both mobile game and game engine developers to improve the gaming UX on Android, though this isn’t unexpected given how they’ve collaborated with game studios such as NetMarble for Snapdragon flagship chip releases in recent years.

Gaming enhancement on snapdragon 675

Although that the 600 range continues to be very strong with support for 6 cameras, 3 on the front and 3 on the back. So everything from super-res zoom to telephoto capture to specialized Bokeh mode is now available on the 675. So there’s a bunch of things that Qualcomm has put into their processors that make them very useful. They did a great deal of work for the mid-range smartphones. Expecting really strong developments from the manufacturers now. That’s it for now.

For the latest tech news and reviews, follow ZO3.tech on TwitterFacebook or Instagram. Till next time, Peace Out.

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[Top]10 Best Android Pie Based Custom ROMs(2018)

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10 best pie based custom roms 2018

Android 9 “Pie” is the ninth major update and the 16th version of the Android operating system.

Some of the changes and new features other than Android Oreo can be listed as below:

  • Changes in Accessibility Menu, Select to Speak – OCR in Camera View, and Sound amplifier
  • New features in Battery & Brightness like Battery Saver, Adaptive Battery, Adaptive Brightness, and Background Restrictions
  • Multi-camera Support and External Camera Support
  • Features like Do Not Support, App Dashboard, Wind Down, and App Timers in Digital Wellbeing app
  • Display cutouts and Edge-to-edge screens
  • Media features like Multiple Bluetooth connections, Sound delay reporting, Volume memory per Bluetooth device, HDR, HD Audio, and HEIF
  • Notification enhancements for messaging
  • Security & Privacy features like Android Backups, Android biometric prompt, Android Protected Confirmation, and StrongBox
  • System Usabilities like At-a-Glance on Always-on-Display, Redesigned Quick Settings, Reworked Volume Controls, New system navigation, and Overview Selection

But sadly Android Pie is only available for Google devices and flagship devices from other brands.

So many developers work in porting and creation of new ROMs(OSs). Top 10 Best Android Pie Based Custom ROMs can be listed as below:

1. Lineage OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

LineageOS Android Distribution is a free and open-source operating system for smartphones and tablet computers, based on the Android mobile platform. It is the successor to the highly popular custom ROM CyanogenMod, from which it was forked in December 2016 when Cyanogen Inc.announced it was discontinuing development and shut down the infrastructure behind the project. Since Cyanogen Inc. retained the rights to the Cyanogen name, the project rebranded its fork as LineageOS.

Check Supported Devices Here

2. AOSP Extended

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

AOSP Extended is an AOSP based ROM which provides stock UI/UX with various customisations features along with the Substratum theme engine. The project has been made by cherry-picking various commits from various other projects. Being based on AOSP it provides a smooth and lag-free experience out of the box.

Check Supported Devices Here

3. Pixel Experience

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

Pixel Experience is an AOSP based ROM, with Google apps included and all Pixel goodies (launcher, wallpapers, icons, fonts, bootanimation). Our mission is to offer the maximum possible stability and security, along with essential features for the proper functioning of the device.

Check Supported Devices Here

4. Arrow OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

ArrowOS is an AOSP based project started with the aim of keeping things simple, clean and neat. We added just the right and mostly used stuff that will be actually USEFUL at the end of the day, aiming to deliver smooth performance with better battery life.

Check Supported Devices Here

5. Dirty Unicorn

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

Dirty Unicorns is currently a AOSP based project. Started in 2012 by Alex Cruz aka Mazda out of curiosity, he never imagined to see the success this project has today.

In the early days this project was a one man show. It was based off AOKP and really had no intention of being anything else. Times change and today we have a full roster of talented developers with huge support from themers, developers and many folks around the community as well as a few OEMs.

DU developers are constantly setting the standard for excellence. We have many original features and stability is our main focus.

Check Supported Devices Here

6. Cypher OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

This is Cypher. An extension to pure Android. Cypher tries maintain the purity of Android while offering useful features for users. The goal is to give the highest level of performance whilst achieving Simplicity. This ROM is highly customizable with the most requested features. We keep our ROM clean and as close to AOSP as possible with features added. We keep your phone secure by using the latest and most up to date sources from Google.

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7. Nitrogen OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

This is AOSP based ROM with almost stock look and design. Most of the developer are providing weekly updates to improve the user experience.

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8. Carbon OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

CarbonROM is an aftermarket firmware based on the Android Open Source Project created with the purpose of adding versatility and customization to stock Android. Stability is our highest priority; our vision is to be the best alternative to a stock operating system for your device.

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9. crDroid OS

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

crDroid is designed to increase performance and reliability over stock Android for your device also attempting to bringing many of the best features existent today. We’re mainly based on CyanogenMod so use custom kernels compatible with them!

In this ROM, your device will be rooted(by Magisk) by default which will basically a good option for those users who are fond of rooted apps.

Check Supported Devices Here

10. Liquid Remix

10 best pie based custom roms 2018

Liquid Remix is a custom rom reborn from the old liquid smooth based on android’s open source project. This is one of the old ROM with great support from developers and official device maintainers. You will get almost stock experience with lot of customisation option.

Check Supported Devices Here

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